Paragraph Pattern and Paragraph Organizing





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After I shared about Paragraph and Topic sentence, here I would like to share about kinds of paragraph pattern, structure of paragraph and organizing paragraph. Read carefully !

Paragraph organizing

Narration
Paragraphs written as a narration are a chronological presentation of events that add up to a story. Paragraphs of this type contain characters, setting, conflict and resolution.

Description
Descriptive type of paragraphs are written in such a way that the reader is able to imagine the scene, object, person, etc. Series of detailed observations are recorded, using sensory language. Descriptions are like narrative paragraphs, with visual characteristics unfolding in a dramatist way. The main objective of a description is to move the story ahead.

Definition
Definition type of paragraphs, provide the meaning, using events and happenings. A strong effort should be made to clearly explain what something is, and not what it is not.

Comparison
The objective of paragraphs written in comparison style is to compare, two or more objects, characters, events etc. A chart can be prepared before writing a comparison paragraph. This chart could include the names of the items compared, and the criteria by which they are compared.

Persuasion
This type of paragraph is used in editorials and columns. A direct approach is the best in writing a persuasive paragraph. The objective of a persuasive paragraph is to persuade people to change their minds, or take action. Persuasive paragraphs help people formulate an opinion and deepen it, by adding conviction.

Exposition
Expository paragraphs are explanatory in nature. They could be an important part of a description or narration. Credibility should be added in an expository paragraph, by citing authorities that have good credentials. This type of paragraph, could also be a justifier that explains why something is important.

Process analysis
A process analysis paragraph describes how a process happens, through a series of actions. The actions are put in a sequence. This type of paragraphs are usually followed by illustration, as they help in understanding the process better.

Structures of Paragraph
The structure of a paragraph contains four elements: a topic, a main idea, a topic sentence, and supporting details. Without these elements, the paragraph is incomplete.
  1. Topic : The general idea or the subject of the paragraph is the topic.
  2. Main idea : The main idea further focuses on the point of the paragraph. What does the author want the reader to know about the subject or topic of the paragraph? The answer to this question is the main idea. The main idea is not expressed in a complete sentence.
  3. Topic sentence : The topic sentence in paragraphs is the sentence that formally states the main idea.
  4. Supporting details : Supporting details contain the evidence to prove that the main idea is true and correct. Supporting details often contain dates, numbers, or percentages. Usually a paragraph contains two to three major details, as well as minor details.
Paragraph Organizing
Here, I share about two big topic about paragraph organizing, those are inductive and deductive form.

Inductive Paragraph
An inductive paragraph begins with either evidence or reasons leading to the
statement of the Writer’s claim at the end of the paragraph. Inductive paragraphs are therefore ‘conclusion-oriented’. The main conclusion is the most important part of the reasoning and usually comes at the end of a paragraph.
Example :
Oceans have ingredients which can benefit human health. Several important medical treatments are based on chemicals discovered in marine animals. On the other hand, increasingly common phenomena such as harmful algal blooms have demonstrated their negative impact on human health. The health of marine ecosystems is affected by human activities such as pollution, global warming, and over fishing. But at the same time, human health depends on thriving ocean ecosystems. We need a better understanding of the many ways marine organisms affect human health, both positively by providing drugs and bio-products, and negatively by causing human ailments.
Deductive Paragraph
In a deductive paragraph, the claim is usually provided in the first sentence of the paragraph. The sentence containing the claim, which is the main point of the paragraph, is often referred to as the ‘topic sentence’. The topic sentence is then developed in the rest of the paragraph with evidence and reasoning supporting the initial claim.
Example :
Beneficial and harmful links exist between human health and ocean health. While several important medical treatments are based on chemicals discovered in marine animals, increasingly common phenomena such as harmful algal blooms have demonstrated their negative impact on human health. The health of marine ecosystems is affected by human activities such as pollution, global warming, and over fishing. But human health in turn depends on thriving ocean ecosystems.
That's all my explanation about paragraph patterns and some supporting items include it. Hopefully, this article is useful for us. Thanks.


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