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The Characteristics of Cooperative Teaching and Learning

According to Wina Sanjaya (2006) states that the characteristics of CTL are: (1) Activating knowledge. It means, the material that will be learned is a unity of previous knowledge that has relation each other. Teaching and learning process actives knowledge. (2) Acquiring knowledge. Contextual teaching is a learning to get and add new knowledge deductively; the teaching begins from universal knowledge to detail one. (3) Understanding knowledge. The knowledge acquired is not a memorizing but understanding it such as asking the other respond about the knowledge acquired than improved it based on that respond. (4) Applying knowledge. The knowledge and experience acquired enable to apply in real-world student and appeared a student behavior change. (5) Reflecting knowledge. This is a completing and evaluating process of acquiring, activating, understanding and applying knowledge.

CTL characteristic

Johnson, as quoted by Alwasih (2002:65), characteristics of CTL are divided into 8 important thing as follows:

1. Making Meaningful Connections
Students can organize themselves as learners, who learn actively in improving their interest individually, person who can work individually or collectively in a group, and a person who can do learning by doing.

2. Doing Significant Work
Student can make relationship among schools and the various existing contexts in the real world as business maker and as a citizen.

3. Self-Regulated Learning
Students do the significant work; it has purpose, it has connection with others, it has connection with decision making and it has the concrete results or products.

4. Collaborating
Students are able to work together. The teacher helps students in order to work effectively in a group and teacher helps them to understand the way how to persuade and communicate each others.

5. Critical and Creative Thinking
Students are able to apply higher level thinking critically and effectively. They are able to analyze, to synthesize, to tackle the problem, to make a decision and to think logically.

6. Nurturing the Individual
Students carry on themselves, understand, give attention, posses high wishes, motivate and empower themselves. Students cannot get the success without the support from adult people. Students should respect their companion and adult person.

7. Reaching High Standards
Students know and reach the high standard. It identifies their purposes and motivates them to reach it. Teacher shows to students how to reach what called ‘excellent’.

8. Using Authentic Assessments
Students use academic knowledge in the real world context to the meaningful purposes. For example, students may describe the academic information that have learn in subject of science, health, education, math, and English subject by designing a car, planning the school menu, or making the serving of human emotion or telling their experience. 

These eight components make CTL different from other approach and became the main components in applying CTL approach. It is also clearly seen that these eight components asks the students for actively involving in classroom activity. Collaborating, nurturing the individual and creative and critical Thinking ask the students to responsible for their own learning. The role of teacher in CTL is to facilitate student to find the fact or the meaning, concept, or principles for themselves. Once these eight components applied in classroom, it will help both student and teachers in creating a good atmosphere where the learners have a great responsibility in achieving their success in leaning.
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