According to Gabby Asterina Hubidha (2012) usually vocabulary can be evaluated through the following: (a) multiple choice items, (b) associated word (c) matching items, (d) word formation test item (e) items involving synonym (f) rearrangement items, and (g) completion items. Each form of testing has its own advantages. In the most public testing, multiple choices item is preferred, for the convenient of scoring and its objectivity. In this research, the researcher uses multiple choices which consist of twenty five questions about things in the kitchen to the students. There are two tests given to the students. The first one is the pretest and the second one is the post test.
English for Young Learners
In general, young learners are said to be in a golden period in acquiring language. They are the students of Elementary school who are six until twelve years old. They usually find it easy to master pronunciation and accent language. English as a foreign language should be thought to young learners considering with their golden period. In this case, young learners can learn English by doing activities, making things, demonstrating role-play, also playing games (Ratri, 2003:6).
Teaching a foreign language to children is different from teaching English for adolescent. Teaching a foreign language for young learner could be interesting and easy since young learner are curious about new thing, while teaching a foreign language to adolescent could be a bit more serious and theoretical. Teaching English for young learners also needs skillful teacher who is willing to improve their teaching skills as they face complex problems with subtle attitude, unique characteristics, and other things that are different from those characteristic of adolescent and adult.
The reason of the teaching English in Elementary school is to motivate or support the students in order to be more ready and have self confidence in learning English In higher level (Kanwil. Depdikbud, in Yuhartini, 2002). According to Jarolimek and Foste ( in Yuhartini, 2002), there is an overwhelming amount of scientific and anecdotal evidence indicating that in Elementary school experience is not of the most significant forces that shapes the live of children. In this sub-chapter, the researcher will discuss about characteristics of young learners, activities in teaching English for young learners, and technique of teaching vocabulary at elementary school.